The Great Chartist Meeting on Kennington Common, London in 1848.

The Chartist movement of the 1830s and 1840s went beyond 18th century popular radicalism toward socialism.  Leaders like George Julian Harney not only called for social revolution but also published Helen Macfarlane’s first English translation of the Communist Manifesto. This article was first published in The Platypus Review No. 42 (Dec. 2011-Jan. 2012) – Editors